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Blair Online Catalog - Fashion Values for Women, Men & Home
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Helpful products for a full, independent life at any age.
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Creative inspiration for the home.
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Women's & men's fine clothing, brand-name shoes, scrumptious food & savvy gifts.
Timeless women's apparel and shoes in famous and exclusive brands.
Save big with clearance prices on all of our brands.
An energetic mix of clothing, shoes & accessories for play, travel, work or just hanging out.
Products that make life easier: problem-solvers for in and around the home
Premium-quality clothing and accessories with a classic flair.
Stylish, affordable women's fashion, footwear and accessories serving sizes 14 to 28.
Original silk apparel for women's and men's year-round comfort.
Customer Service> Fabric Guide | Guide To Fibers & Finishes | Blair

Guide to Fabrics

1. A Guide to Fibers, Yarns, & Finishes 2. A Guide to Footwear & Leathers 3. Glossary of Fabrics & Style Terms

 

Thank modern technology (and Mother Nature, of course) for the amazing variety of fabrics available to you. Now you can find the perfect fabric … with just the properties you want. Here's why:

Fabrics are made from natural or man-made fibers, blended into yarns and then knit or woven for the desired effect. What's more -- new fibers and manufacturing processes are always being introduced, giving you even more fabric choices!

And you can count on Blair to bring you the best of all those choices!

A Guide to Fibers

Fibers are thin hair-like structures that are either natural or man-made. They are the true building blocks of today's fabrics.

Natural fibers. These come from plants, animals or vegetables. Some natural fibers are: cotton, flax/linen, ramie, silk and wool.

Man-made fibers. These are either cellulosic (for example, rayon or lyocell) or non-cellulosic (such as nylon and polyester) fibers that are chemically produced and created through technology.

 

A Guide to Yarns

Yarns are continuous strands of textile fibers or material and are suitable for weaving or knitting into a fabric. Here are some helpful terms.

2-ply yarn – two yarns twisted together
3-ply yarn – three yarns twisted together
bouclé yarn – a novelty yarn with tightly twisted loops for rich texture
slub yarn – a yarn with a thick spot for variation in texture
chenille yarn – yarn with a core and pile-like surface for super softness
seed yarn – a yarn with a nub that is slightly twisted
denier – a numbering system for yarns; the higher the number, the thicker the yarn
carded – a yarn that contains a wide range of fiber lengths
combed – a yarn that contains long, even fibers that produces a stronger, finer and smoother effect
worsted – a yarn that is smooth surfaced and spun from long-staple, evenly combed wool
mercerized – a yarn that has been treated to increase luster and affinity for dyes
ring-spun – a yarn that has been twisted and wound simultaneously and continuously so that it's stronger.
warp – the yarns which run vertically or lengthwise in woven goods.
weft – the crosswise or filling pick yarns in a woven cloth.

 

A Guide to Finishes

Today’s popular finishes give fabrics a new look, superb comfort and great performance!

Acid Wash finish -- garment is treated with chemicals to alter the color of indigo denim fabrics.

Brushed finish -- knit or woven fabrics are finished with brushes or other abrading devices to raise a nap on the fabric or create a novelty surface texture.

Enzyme Wash finish -- garment is washed with enzymes with the goal to ‘age’ the fabric so that it looks and feels much softer

Garment Wash finish -- garment is washed producing a soft, already worn feel

Heat-Set finish -- heating treatment is applied to stabilize many man-made fiber fabrics so that there will not be any subsequent change in shape or size

Stain-Resistant finish -- treatment, usually Teflon®, is applied to fabric to help repel water and stains

Stonewash finish -- garment is washed with stones with the goal to ‘age’ the fabric so that it looks worn and feels much softer

Water-Resistant finish -- fabric is treated chemically to resist water or given a "wax-coating treatment" to make it repellent. Not to be confused with "water-repellent".

Wrinkle-Free finish -- treatment is applied to fabric, primarily cottons, to produce a permanent crease requiring little or no ironing

Wrinkle-Resistant finish -- treatment is applied to fabric, primarily cottons, to produce a prominent crease and a crisp look with just light ironing

 

1. A Guide to Fibers, Yarns, & Finishes
2. A Guide to Footwear & Leathers
3. Glossary of Fabrics & Style Terms